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One of the most beautiful structures in the world, the Taj Mahal in Agra is something which dreams are made of. This exquisite white and yellow marble structure stands 55 meters tall and is one of the most visited sites in the world. Built in 1653 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal, this "elegy in marble" can also be called the ultimate tribute to everlasting love.

A combined workforce of 20,000 people toiled hard for 22 years to build this structure, which clearly surpasses everything else in beauty and elegance. It is also amazing that the Taj Mahal in Agra cost the exchequer 32 million rupees even at that time. Four graceful minarets adorn each side of the Taj and the mausoleum below is a magnificent work of art that is decorated with a number of precious and semi precious stones. In fact, everything about the Taj Mahal is purely magic be it the beautiful monument itself or its geometrically shaped gardens. The Taj Mahal Agra has not only enthralled people for centuries but has also inspired a number of poets and writers to bring out the best of their creative talents. Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore in one of his famous quotes likened the Taj Mahal to a teardrop that glistened "spotlessly bright on the cheek of time". What can be a better way to describe this great saga of love?

Many people across the world nurse a secret desire to visit the Taj Mahal at least once in their lifetime. Therefore it is not surprising to see eternal romantics traveling half way across the globe just to have a glimpse of the eternal beauty of the Taj. A view of the Taj Mahal Agra on a foggy morning across the Yamuna River is a very pretty sight. But nothing can surpass the mystic and ethereal beauty of a glowing Taj Mahal on a moonlit night. Nevertheless, at whichever point you visit this exquisite symbol of love, the Taj Mahal's beauty is sure to cast a magic spell on you forever.

Taj Mahal Location
Situated on the banks of River Yamuna the Taj Mahal in Ag
ra is like a dream rising out of the very depths of one's imagination in all its beauty and splendor. Constructed on a raised sandstone platform this magnificent structure is said to depict Emperor Shah Jahan's vision of paradise. It may be noted that Shah Jahan was actively involved in all the stages of the Taj Mahal's construction.

Many wonder as to why Shah Jahan chose to build the Taj at Agra and not Delhi. The reason is that Agra was the Mughal capital during that time, which made the Emperor decide in its favor. Interestingly, soon after the construction of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan shifted the capital to Delhi. Nevertheless, the site chosen by him to raise his
dream structure was perfect in every sense. As you go to visit this monument, you will be welcomed by beautiful gardens and arched gateways lead you to the most beautiful symbol of love ever built. Can there be anything more pleasing to the eye than the sight of the Taj Mahal's marble façade reflected on the waters of the Yamuna River flowing nearby?

The Taj has been constructed in such a strategic manner that it has the same view from all four sides and is distinctly visible from the Agra Fort. It may be mentioned here that the Agra fort is the very place where Aurangzeb imprisoned Shah Jahan, who spent his last days gazing at his beloved's tomb waiting for death to unite him with her forever.

Taj Mahal History
The Taj Mahal's history dates back to 1631 when Mughal Emperor Shah
Jahan's beloved wife Arjumand Bano passed away during childbirth. Mumtaz Mahal, as she was affectionately known, was the Emperor's constant companion, guide and the love of his life. They first met as teenagers, got married in 1612 AD and thereafter were inseparable. Mumtaz Mahal accompanied the Emperor to meetings, wars and campaigns and it was during one such campaign that she passed away shortly after giving birth to their 14th child. It is believed that the Mughal court mourned the death of their beloved Empress for more than two years. There were no celebrations or feasting on holidays for a long time after Mumtaz Mahal passed away.

Before her death, Mumtaz Mahal expressed her wish that Shah Jahan would "build a tomb in her memory such as the world had never seen before." Thus stated the creation of one of the most beautiful monument in the world, the Taj Mahal. A combined workforce of 20,000 people toiled hard for 22 years to build this structure, which clearly surpasses everything else in beauty and elegance. It is also amazing that the Taj Mahal in Agra cost the exchequer 32 million rupees even at that time. At the fag end of Shah Jahan's career, he was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb at the Agra Fort and at that point of time the Taj Mahal was his only source of comfort. He used to spend hours gazing at the Taj Mahal across the Yamuna. After his death, he was laid to rest beside his beloved wife and their two tombs are located in the basement of the Taj.
Its beauty notwithstanding, the Taj Mahal's history is also something which continues to mesmerize people from all over the world to date.

Agra Fort
Agra Fort is amo
ng the finest examples of the fusion architecture that has dominated the Mogul period. The assimilation of these different styles has given the buildings within the fort a distinctive look. To name a few, for example, the Jahangir Palace built by Akbar is the most magnificent blend of Persian and local style where as Divan-e-Aam mixes subtleness of Turkish exteriors with the complex pattern of Persian architecture. Other buildings within the premises of Agra Fort either have a mixed style or conform predominantly to the Islamic style. Some of the important buildings inside the Agra Fort include Jahangir Mahal, Divan-e-Aam, Divan-e-Khash, Khas Mahal, Anguri Bagh, Musamman Burj, Moti Masjid, Mina Masjid and Shish Mahal among others.

Emperor Akbar the Great commissioned the Agra Fort that is also sometimes called Red Fort of Agra. During the reign of emperor Jahangir, the capital was briefly shifted to Lahore but Agra became the seat of Mughal capital one again in the reign of Akbar. Akbar became emperor in 1556 and when he consolidated himself sufficiently, he started the construction of Agra Fort in the year 1665. The fort was completed in the year 1671 but minor constructions and additions kept on happening till the reign of Shah Jahan, his grandson. It is interesting to note that during the reign of Akbar, the fort mainly served as a military garrison but by the time of Shah Jahan it also started serving as a palace and court.


Itmad-ud-daula has a special place in the chronicles of both history as well as architecture. This is precisely because Itmad ud Daula is the very first t
omb in India that is entirely made out of Marble. This is actually a mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna and is a tomb of Mir Ghiyas Beg, a minister in the court of Shah Jahan.
Itmad-ud-daula is a pure white and elaborately carved tomb that conforms to the Islamic style of architecture. The Indo-Islamic architecture becomes prominent because of the fusion that this tomb displays. While the use of arched entrances and octagonal shaped towers signify the Persian influence, the absence of a dome and the presence of a closed kiosk on top of this building and the use of canopies talks about the possible Indian influence. From out side, when you take a bird eye view, Itmad-ud-daula looks like a jewel box set in a garden. This tranquil, small, garden located on the banks of the Yamuna was to inspire the construction of the Taj Mahal in the later years.

Fatehpur Sikri Agra

The heritage site of Fatehpur
Sikri is located 40 kilometers from Agra India. You can see this magnificent city with its amazing monuments of red sandstone and marble, built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, on tours to Agra with Agra Hub.
According to legend, the Emperor Akbar, though he had many wives, did not have an heir. He went on a pilgrimage to Sheikh Salim Chisti, a Sufi saint who lived near Agra and sought his blessings. Akbar was blessed with an heir, who he named Salim, after the saint, in gratitude. (Salim later inherited the throne as the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.)
The beautiful monuments at Fatehpur Sikri are a synthesis of Islamic and Hindu architecture reflecting the religious tolerance of Akbar. Akbar also founded a syncretic religion called Din-i-Illahi, which inspired some of the buildings at Fatehpur Sikri. The city of Fatehpur Sikri was built as a sign of the Emperor Akbar's gratitude to Sheikh Salim Chisti. Work on the city started in 1571 and was completed 15 years later. Agra Hub takes you on tours to Agra which include the historic destination of Fatehpur Sikri.

Akbar's Tomb at Sikandra

4 kilometers from Agra is Akbar's tomb a
t Sikandra which is an excellent example of assimilation of different styles of architecture and it represents a significant departure from the earlier Mughal buildings. The tomb carries the characteristic flavor of the airy tiered pavilions of the Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
Akbar started building the magnificent edifice at Sikandra, which was later completed by his son Jahangir after his fathers death in 1605,. The tomb, as it stands today, is in a large walled garden on the Delhi-Agra road. The tomb can be entered through an elegant southern gateway, which leads into the huge enclosed garden. This magnificent gateway is covered with floral and geometrical arabesque decoration in white and colored marble is crowned with four elegant minarets in white marble.


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